Le Surrealisme et l’Objet – Centre Pompidou, Paris

11 January 2014 § Leave a comment

A weekend in Paris allowed me the opportunity to visit this breathtaking exhibition at the Centre Pompidou, as well as enjoy some excellent art, interesting sights and fine food counterposed by rude service, lousy cappuchinos and overpriced coffee and bread (or petit dejeuner as the French imaginatively call it).

Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp

There shouldn’t be a better place than Paris for an exhibition on Surrealism, the movement being founded here in 1924 having developed out the more international influences of Dada. The Pompidou Centre have proved that this is indeed the case, with this mightily impressive exhibition bringing together a remarkable collection of almost every conceivable iconic object or sculpture connected to the movement.

Hans Bellmer - Poupee

Hans Bellmer – Poupee

Alongside the roll call of iconic pieces like Hans Bellmer’s Poupee, Marcel Duchamp’s Bottlerack, Salvador Dali’s Lobster Telephone, Alberto Giacometti’s Suspended Ball are photographs from the likes of Man Ray, collections of works gathered plus a selection of more recent surrealist-influenced works by the likes of Mark Dion, Paul McCarthy, Ed Ruscha and Cindy Sherman exhibited under the title ‘Echoes of the Surrealist Object’.

Salvador Dali - Lobster telephone

Salvador Dali – Lobster telephone

The exhibition starts with ‘Ready-mades and Mannequins’, a section led by two great influences of the movement – Giorgio de Chirico and Marcel Duchamp who respectively brought the mannequin and object to the fore.

Alberto Giacometti - Suspended Ball

Alberto Giacometti – Suspended Ball

Subsequent rooms focus on ‘Objects with a Symbolic Function, Alberto Giacometti, Hans Bellmer’s Doll (an extraordinarily powerful object in real-life, and also larger than one imagines),  five rooms each dedicated to iconic exhibitions from the famous ‘Exposition Internationale de Surrealisme’ in 1933 to ‘Eros’ in 1959/60.

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Joan Miro

Joan Miro

Each room is well curated and nicely laid out with admirable logic, careful thought and atmospheric lighting.

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This opportunity to view so many of Surrealisms iconic objects together plus the insight in to the movement that can be gained from the experience well worth a trip to Paris on its own. Just take your own breakfast.

Meret Oppenheim

Meret Oppenheim

Le Surrealisme et l’Objet runs until the 3 March 2014 at the Pompidou Centre, Paris.

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air in art – postscript

7 September 2010 § Leave a comment

Following yesterdays post a couple more thoughts. Courtesy of the Critcismism blog we have Martin Creed‘s Half the Air in a Given Space. Here he calculates exactly half the air that should normally occupy the room and measures the equivalent into balloons. He translates something intangible in to something real. One walks through the room and becomes aware of the normally invisible/ignored air around you. 

Air naturally is also a life-giving force. Invisible yet essential. Catharine D’Ignazio, otherwise known as Kanarinka is a US-based collaborative performance artist. In a project called It Takes 154,000 Breaths to Evacuate Boston in 2007/8 she ‘ran the entire evacuation route system in Boston and attempted to measure the distance in human breath.’  Post 9/11 this was Breath as a measurement of time, distance and fear. 

Kanarinka - Breath Archive 2008

The project also involved a podcast and a sculptural installation of  ‘the archive of tens of thousands of breaths.’ The archive comprises a series of jars, each with the sound of the breath used to fill it. Very neat! Wolf Vostell did something similar in 1972 broadcasting live the sound of gallery visitors chewing gum presented to them. Here it was the Fluxus doctrine of art=life=art connecting the visitor directly with the art. 

Clearly any discussion of air in art ends up largely as essentially an examination of what effects the air has on other objects, what  ‘contains the air’ or what ‘the air contains’ rather than the air itself. An imaginary thesis perhaps could translate this as air 1/ in the context of the natural environment 2/ as a life-giving force and a concept 3/ as a container for other matter and 4/ as an object to be contained and used? 

Ultimately the problem of course is that it is essentially invisible and only conceptual art, such as that of  Duchamp and Creed, seems to address this with even partial success. I will however leave any deeper analysis to others more talented and knowledgeable – perhaps the guy at Barcelona University who is doing a thesis on art and breath! Visit his Art & Breath Blog here. 

Enough from me – I have art funds to analyse. Now there is a source for a lot of hot air in art! New post coming soon!! 

inflatable new york animals & airy art

6 September 2010 § 1 Comment

Bin bags and subway air. How often does one find that  the very best ideas are the simplest ones – whether it be art, design, film, literature – perhaps anything for that matter! Joshua Allen Harris in New York has created animals using just tape and plastic bags, fitting them over subway air vents. As the trains pass they inflate and come to temporary ‘life’. 

Marcel Duchamp

I was accordingly inspired to determine where else I have seen ‘air’ used in art. Although the impressionists looked to capture the fleeting effects of light in the open air they hardly painted the ‘air’ itself – although Albert Moore said of James Whistler in the infamous Ruskin vs Whistler libel trial of 1878 that he ‘has painted the air, which few others have attempted’. In reality Duchamp probably got there first (again) with the 50cc ampoule of Paris Air that he sent to NY dealer Walter Arensberg. It was broken but a copy was made in 1949.

Jeff Koons - Rabbit

Jeff Koons’ Rabbit, despite being rather annoying, is another that ‘jumps’ to mind. Appearing inflatable it visually challenges the viewer on several levels is and raises questions about the nature of art. Its mirrored surface seduces like jewellery,Koons stating that “polished objects have often been displayed by the church and by wealthy people to set a stage of both material security and enlightenment of spiritual nature; the stainless steel is a fake reflection of that stage.” The reflective surface also reflects the environment of the art – it changes with its surroundings. 

Dan Flavin

Scraping the barrel for ideas I guess you could say that Dan Flavin uses tubes of ‘air’. Using the light from fluorescent tubes he literally paints the surrounding spaces – but not the air of course – with light  (on reflection a bit too tenuous that one!) Meanwhile many artists have also used absence, empty spaces and for example closed galleries (famously Yves Klein’s empty Clert Gallery in NY 1958 entitled Le Vide)  to challenge meaning in art – but here the air itself is actually an irrelevance as the debate is more about the space. 

My last straws clutched are with examples of what you might call  ‘air made visible’  with Francis Alys, recently at the Tate, and Olafur Eliasson. Alys repeatedly and determinedly rushes headlong into raging dust storms. See the video here. This is what Will Gompertz says:   

For Alys, the dust storm suggests the imminent collapse of a system of government or of political order. The act of running into the storm, which we see repeated over and over again, also invites interpretation: is the artist no longer able to combat the chaos he encounters? Is he recognising the vanity of poetic gestures at a time of calamity? Or is it only within the chaos that he can challenge the turmoil around him? Reaching the centre of the storm, the artist is breathless and almost blinded, yet he encounters a furtive moment of peace that could hint at a new moment of possibility. 

Eliasson in his excellent Berlin exhibition Innen Stadt Aussen concerns itself closely with the relationship between museum and city, architecture and landscape, as well as between space, body and time. It is with the latter relationships in mind that he fills the closing room of the exhibition with a thick mist which he illuminates with changing light. The air becomes opaque – all that is air melts into solid Marx might say? – and all your senses are challenged (youtube video below). Any more airy art suggestions anyone? Have I missed a whole train of thought?! 

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